Here are a few important (and alarming) statistics about heart disease, according to the American Heart Association:
- Heart Disease (including Coronary Heart Disease, Hypertension, and Stroke) is the number one killer in the U.S.
- Coronary heart disease is responsible for 1 in 7 deaths in the U.S., killing over 366,800 people a year.
- The overall prevalence for heart attacks in the US is about 7.9 million, or 3 percent, in US adults.
- In 2015, heart attacks killed 114,023 people in the U.S.
- In the U.S., there are 720,000 instances of new heart attacks and 335,000 recurrent attacks each year. The average age of the first heart attack is 65.6 years for males and 72.0 years for females.
- Every 40 seconds, an American has a heart attack.
- From 2005 to 2015, the annual death rate associated with coronary heart disease decreased 34.4 percent and the number of deaths declined 17.7% – but the risk factors and burden on the healthcare system remain high.
- The estimated yearly direct and indirect cost of heart disease in 2013 and 2014 was $204.8 billion.
- Heart attacks ($12.1 billion) and Coronary Heart Disease ($9.0 billion) accounted for 2 of the 10 most expensive conditions treated in US hospitals in 2013.
- Between 2013 and 2030, the cost of treating coronary heart disease is expected to increase by around 100 percent. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff for kids cool stuff for girls well cool stuff website
These are pretty depressing statistics, but what can we learn from them? Why is the westernized world so susceptible to these diseases, while those who live largely off the land have virtually no risk factors for heart-related conditions? In this article, we’ll discuss a tribe in South America who can teach us a thing or two about healthy living. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff for kids cool stuff for girls well cool stuff website
INTRODUCING THE TSIMANE
When it comes to heart disease, an indigenous tribe in the Amazon basin of Bolivia, The Tsimane, has the lowest rates ever recorded among a human population. Researchers from the University of California Santa Barbara (UCSB) found that the Tsimane tribe has low instances of high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes as well. However, their overall body mass index (BMI) is not necessarily on the smaller side, proving that a higher-than-average BMI does not pose a greater risk for heart disease. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff for kids cool stuff for girls well cool stuff website
According to Hillard Kaplan, lead author of the study and professor of Anthropology at the University of New Mexico, people of the Tsimane tribe often live into old age with little to no risk of coronary atherosclerosis, the primary cause of heart attacks. In fact, people in the U.S. are five times as likely as members of the Tsimane tribe to suffer from heart disease. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff for kids cool stuff for girls well cool stuff website
Michael Gurven, co-director of the UCSB Tsimane Health and Life History Project and another author of the study, along with other researchers, conducted 2,500 interviews with Tsimane people in 78 communities about their diet. The researchers found that their diet consists of a high intake of carbohydrates (376-423 grams/day) and protein (119-139 g/d) and low consumption of fats (40-46 g/d). They kept caloric intake between 2,422 and 2,736 kcal, 64% of which came from complex carbohydrates. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff for kids cool stuff for girls well cool stuff website
In the U.S., calorie recommendations are between 1,600 to 2,400 kcal/day for adult women and 2,000 to 3,000 kcal/day for men, but Tsimane people are far more active and need the extra energy from food. cool stuff for guys cool stuff to buy cool stuff for kids cool stuff for girls well cool stuff website